Marriage Divorce in Bangladesh

January 30, 2024


Pymes Law


Understanding Marriage in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, the institution of marriage holds a significant place in the cultural and traditional fabric of society. This is not just a formal contract, but rather a social institution that carries significant weight and importance. When it comes to marital arrangements, families play a crucial role, and they often prioritize cultural compatibility and financial stability.

Factors Leading to Marriage Divorce

Communication Breakdown: When it comes to maintaining a strong relationship, effective communication is absolutely crucial. Misunderstandings and a lack of effective communication can create tension in a marriage, potentially leading to divorce.

Financial Struggles: Marriages can face significant challenges during periods of financial hardship. Marital issues can be exacerbated by various factors like financial instability, debt, and unemployment, ultimately resulting in the choice to pursue a divorce.

Legal Procedures of Marriage

There are both judicial and extrajudicial procedures available for initiating the divorce process in Bangladesh. The process of obtaining a divorce is regulated by the Family Laws Ordinance of 1961. It entails filing a petition, attending court sessions, and providing grounds for the divorce.

Socio-cultural Influences

Perceptions of divorce in Bangladesh are greatly influenced by socio-cultural norms. Divorce can unfortunately carry a certain stigma, particularly for women, who may encounter societal backlash and discrimination. Marital endurance can be influenced by cultural expectations, which may discourage individuals from seeking divorce, even in situations of abuse or unhappiness.

Impact on Children

Divorce can have significant impacts on the emotional well-being and development of children. Observing parental conflict and separation can result in emotions of uncertainty, unease, and diminished self-worth. It is of utmost importance to place children’s needs as a top priority and ensure they receive the necessary support during this difficult period.

Support Systems of Marriage

It is crucial for individuals going through a divorce to seek support from their loved ones or professional counselors. Support systems provide emotional guidance, practical assistance, and a sense of belonging throughout the challenging process of divorce.

Stigma and Stereotypes

In Bangladesh, divorce continues to be burdened by societal norms and enduring stereotypes, despite the shifting landscape of social attitudes. Divorced individuals, particularly women, may encounter societal scrutiny, feelings of isolation, and challenges when trying to reintegrate into social circles.

Economic Consequences

Divorce can have substantial financial consequences, especially for women who may not have financial autonomy. Financial strain can be further intensified after a divorce due to factors such as loss of income, division of assets, and alimony payments.

Psychological Well-being

Divorce can have a significant impact on one’s emotional well-being, potentially leading to mental health challenges. Feelings of grief, loneliness, and failure are often experienced by many people, and it’s important to prioritize self-care and reach out for professional assistance when necessary.

Divorce Rate Trends

Although divorce rates in Bangladesh have traditionally been lower compared to Western countries, there has been a gradual rise in recent years. This shift has been influenced by changing social dynamics, urbanization, and the empowerment of women.

Counseling and Mediation

Legal professionals specializing in counseling and mediation services are instrumental in fostering peaceful resolutions during divorce proceedings. Professional assistance can be invaluable in helping couples navigate conflicts, improve communication, and find mutually acceptable solutions.

Reconciliation Efforts

In spite of the difficulties, numerous couples strive to mend and save their marriages. Reconciliation efforts typically encompass therapy sessions, communication workshops, and endeavors to restore trust and intimacy.

Moving Forward After Divorce

Moving forward after divorce necessitates a strong sense of resilience, introspection, and a network of supportive individuals. This experience presents a chance for personal development, self-exploration, and embracing fresh starts. Although the path may be challenging, there is optimism for a rewarding life after divorce.


1. What are the grounds for divorce in Bangladesh? Grounds for divorce in Bangladesh include cruelty, desertion, adultery, impotence, and incurable insanity.

2. How long does it take to get a divorce in Bangladesh? The duration of divorce proceedings varies depending on factors such as court backlog, complexity of the case, and willingness of both parties to cooperate.

3. Can divorced individuals remarry in Bangladesh? Yes, divorced individuals are legally allowed to remarry in Bangladesh, provided they adhere to legal requirements and procedures.

4. Is mediation mandatory before divorce in Bangladesh? While mediation is not mandatory, it is encouraged as a means to facilitate communication and reach amicable resolutions before resorting to litigation.

5. What support services are available for divorced individuals in Bangladesh? Several NGOs, counseling centers, and legal aid organizations offer support services for divorced individuals, including counseling, legal assistance, and community outreach programs.


Marriage divorce in Bangladesh is a complex issue that is shaped by various legal, socio-cultural, and economic factors. Divorce can be a difficult and emotionally taxing experience, but it’s crucial to focus on taking care of yourself, finding a support system, and seizing chances for personal development. Through cultivating empathy, understanding, and resilience, individuals can effectively navigate the intricate process of divorce and embark on a transformative journey towards healing and renewal.

Written by Pymes Law



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