Adoption and legal guardianship in Bangladesh

February 3, 2024


Pymes Law


Adoption and legal guardianship are significant legal processes that play an important role in providing care and protection to children in Bangladesh. With a complex socio-cultural landscape and evolving legal framework, understanding the nuances of adoption and legal guardianship is essential for individuals and families considering these options.

Understanding Adoption in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, adoption is governed by various laws and regulations, including the Guardians and Wards Act of 1890 and the Children Act of 2013. Prospective adoptive parents must meet certain criteria set by the government and go through a formal adoption process supervised by a court. The process usually involves extensive paperwork, background checks and home visits to ensure the suitability of the adoptive parents.

However, the adoption process in Bangladesh faces several challenges, including cultural norms that prioritize biological lineage and the complexities of navigating the legal system. In addition, socioeconomic factors can affect a person’s ability to receive, which complicates the process for many families.

Role of Legal Guardianship

Legal guardianship provides an alternative option for individuals seeking to care for children in need without the formal adoption process. While adoption results in a permanent transfer of parental rights, legal guardianship gives individuals the legal authority to make decisions about the child’s upbringing and well-being without severing ties with the child’s biological family.

The legal guardianship process in Bangladesh involves similar requirements and procedures to adoption, including court approval and supervision. However, legal guardianship can offer more flexibility for families who are unable to meet the strict criteria for adoption or who wish to maintain some level of connection with the child’s birth family.

Comparison between adoption and legal guardianship

When deciding between adoption and legal guardianship, potential caregivers must consider several factors, including their ability to meet legal requirements, their long-term commitment to the child, and the child’s best interests. While adoption provides permanency and full parental rights, legal guardianship may be a more viable option for some families, allowing them to provide care and support without the same level of legal responsibilities.

Both adoption and legal guardianship can have a significant impact on children, affecting their identity, belonging and emotional well-being. Regardless of the legal framework under which they are cared for, it is essential for caregivers to provide a nurturing and stable environment for children.

Support systems for adoptive families and legal guardians

In Bangladesh, various public and private organizations provide support services for adoptive families and legal guardians. These services may include financial assistance, counseling, and access to educational resources to help caregivers navigate the challenges of parenting and provide the best possible care for children.

The future of adoption and legal guardianship in Bangladesh

As Bangladesh continues to develop and modernize, there are opportunities to strengthen the legal framework surrounding adoption and legal guardianship. Advocates for children’s rights are pushing for reforms that prioritize the best interests of the child and streamline the adoption process, making it more accessible to families in need.

In conclusion, adoption and legal guardianship are important mechanisms for providing care and protection to children in Bangladesh. By understanding the available legal processes, challenges and support systems, caregivers can make informed decisions that positively impact the lives of vulnerable children.


Adoption in Bangladesh is common?

Adoption rates in Bangladesh vary, with cultural factors and legal complexities affecting the prevalence of adoption.

In Bangladesh can a single person adopt?

Yes, single individuals can adopt in Bangladesh, although they may face additional scrutiny during the adoption process.

What rights do legal guardians have in Bangladesh?

Legal guardians in Bangladesh have the authority to make decisions regarding the child’s upbringing, education and health care.

Is there an age limit for adoptive parents in Bangladesh?

Although there is no strict age limit, adoptive parents in Bangladesh must demonstrate their ability to provide a stable and nurturing environment for the child.

How can I find out more about adoption and legal guardianship in Bangladesh?

People interested in adoption or legal guardianship in Bangladesh can consult legal professionals or contact government agencies and NGOs specializing in child welfare for guidance and support.

Written by Pymes Law



Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe to our newsletter to get the latest tips & tricks in your inbox


Blog categories

Content Strategy


SEO Strategy

× Whatsapp us!